Chapter 25 : Adverbs of manner & Comparisons

posted on 09 Oct 2006 13:12 by ilovehoneybee in Chapter1to28

ADVERBS OF MANNER AND ADVERBS USED IN COMPARISONS

1. Adverbs of manner


Adverbs of manner are the largest group of adverbs. Most adverbs of manner are closely related to corresponding adjectives. Although some words can be used as either adjectives or adverbs, in most cases, adverbs of manner are formed by adding ly to the corresponding adjectives.

a. Spelling rules for adding ly
In most cases, ly is simply added to the positive form of the adjective. For example:

Adjective

Adverb of Manner

bad

badly

complete

completely

normal

normally

surprising

surprisingly


i. Adjectives ending in ic
However, when the adjective ends in ic, the syllable al is usually added before the ly ending. For example:

Adjective

Adverb of Manner

dramatic

dramatically

scientific

scientifically

specific

specifically



ii. Adjectives ending in le
When the adjective ends in le preceded by a consonant, the final e is usually changed to y, to form the ly ending. For example:

Adjective

Adverb of Manner

favorable

favorably

humble

humbly

simple

simply


When the adjective ends in le preceded by a vowel, in most cases, ly is simply added to the positive form of the adjective. For example:

Adjective

Adverb of Manner

agile

agilely

sole

solely


However, in the case of the adjective whole, the final e is removed before the ending ly is added:

Adjective

Adverb of Manner

whole

wholly



iii. Adjectives ending in ll
When the adjective ends in ll, only y is added. For example:

Adjective

Adverb of Manner

dull

dully

full

fully

shrill

shrilly



iv. Adjectives ending in ue
When the adjective ends in ue, the final e is usually omitted before the ending ly is added. For example:

Adjective

Adverb of Manner

due

duly

true

truly



v. Adjectives ending in y
When the adjective ends in y preceded by a consonant, the y is usually changed to i before the ending ly is added. For example:

Adjective

Adverb of Manner

busy

busily

easy

easily